There is only one country which has lost a match after imposing ‘follow on’ to the opponent team.
Do you know there is only one team which has lost a match post imposing follow-on to the opponent team, in fact 3, to be precise?? Yes, team Australia has lost 3 matches in this way. It started way back in 1894 in Sydney, when Team Australia led by wicket keeper Jack Blackham lost to England led by Andrew Stoddart. Australia won the toss and chose to bat. They scored 586 in their first innings which was followed by England scoring 325. During follow-on in second innings England scored 437 to set a target of 177 runs for Australia to chase in its second inning. Australia could only managed to score 166, losing by 10 runs.
In another encounter between Australia and England in 1981 at Leeds, Rod Marsh led Australia won the toss and elected to bat and scored 401/9 in first inning. England led by Mike Brearley scored 174 in first innings followed by 356 in their second innings during follow up. Australia scored only 111 in their second innings losing by a short margin of 18 runs.
In the third encounter at Kolkata, in the year 2001, Steve Waugh led Australia team again won the toss and elected to bat against Sourav Ganguly led Indian team. Following 445 runs in first innings by Australia, India struggled to score 171. During follow-on, India declared at 657/7 in their second innings. Australia lost the match by 171 runs, scoring 212 in their final innings.